CAS. RUSCONI  
              B. COLLEONI



Before, that from an important reclamation of the territory,it came constructed  Mezzolara, in the place was the Community of  CAVAGLI    

 that to own defense had a fortress, unfortunately not more existing.

  Being the reclamation of the " site" executed from a name personage " Mozularrius" , 

it taken the name the denomination of " MEZZOLARA".

It was anciently prebendale dominion of the archbishops of Ravenna, than in  order to reclamation it  gave to Mozolarius.

For the possession of the Mozolaria Mass they were had combats  with    Bolognesi, only ended when the great estate passed to the bishop of Bologna.

In the territory of  Mozolaria Mass, as soon as reclamation, it was born  churches parochial that taken the name of Cavagli

(S.Maria di Cavagli).  

When Mozolaria Mass became " centro"  it had name Cavagli presses and in the same place were come constructed the Church of 

 " S.Michele di Mezzolara".

  Of century XVI from the card. Paleotti, archbishop of Bologna the church  came constituted in Pieve for l' acquired importance. (1)

The acquaintance of the ancient history of this territory introduces many difficulties for the loss of many documents preventing to

         clear the traces of the medieval borders  of that, than, until from century XII she came defined Muzolarii Mass. (2)     

Clarify whether the territory,

                in the high mean evo, depended from Cavagli and more late said Mass Muzolaria and Volpina, it belonged all' Ager      

bononiensis, or all' Ager Claternae.

From some indications it seems of being able to deduce that the zone, than became Mozolaria Mass,

made part from century VII of Claterna, from which the name to the Quaderna today's.  

The more natural demarcation of the

Ager Claternae was determined from the course of waters, coming down from the mounts that, in general terms,

followed liberations a line tilted from the south-west.

       The ancient territory between l' Idice and the Sillaro that was free from the containments belonged, during the roman domination,

to the so-called one " agro claternate" .(3)

L' Ager (field) Claternae,  to right dell' Ancient Idice, must have an embracing

   Pagus various "funai" and that it could correspond to Butrium (BUDRIO). And that really Budrio,

                second descriptive or topographical statistics of some centuries behind, it was to right Idice river, of it we have the tests: Magini geographer, in its paper of 1599, marks Budrio to Levant of the Idice. (4)

Unfortunately news of the zone "pagense" of Budrio does not exist precedence to the thousands,

                    can be only indicated in approximate way the territories to north of the satisfied budriese that was " Cavagli" and its you leave

" Mozolarius mass"; and " Vulpina" mass;.

The enemy to Mezzolara in ancient and modern age always has been the Idice river with affluent its of left Savena and Zena.

 its way in the middle of the benches of  the   arena  and when the waters   swelled or covered from the current, of it they

followed   floods, till that in 1816 a shunting line to right was not executed towards Levant near the Cavedone,   with a strong curve,    

abandoning the ancient river bed, bore a Mezzolara channeling of the reclamation of Durazzo. 

 From century VIII to the XII during the domination longobarda and frank the archiepiscopal infuence comprised all the territory gives

Ravenna to Persiceto and l' archbishop ravennate of Sergio name, in the second half of century VIII  had Bologna (5)

from Desiderio, last King of Longobardi (756-773), the successor Lion of it continued the possession,

 thus inducing "Sommo Pontefice Adriano I "(742-795) to complain itself of this with Carlo Magno 

giving to beginning not little disputes for possession this dominio.(6)

 From Ottone III (938-1002, they came granted to the wide archbishops of Ravenna dominations and Bologna    

you remained comprised not single for the spiritual part but also for that thunderstorm.

In 1106 but with  conciliate of Guastalla, to the jurisdiction of Ravenna came embezzled the diocese of Bologna,  

it conserved but the temporal dominion of the territory adjacent with Ravenna till Mozolaria Mass employee   from Cavagli

In 1114 populus et homines de Cavagli to which annexed was Mozolaria they swore obedience

 to the senate of Bologna and Massa Mozolaria became possession for papal order (I add Paschal Pontefice II) of the diocese of Bologna   

 confirming   2 March 1114 to the church from Bologna its assets comprised the mentioned Mass " concedimus Massam Mozolarii" (7).

          [The definition of "Massa" to those times defined a collection of Mansi or deep joined that it corresponds to (estate).] 

 The existence of Mozolaria Mass in century XII is confirmed from its belongings to the administrative unit of Cavagli.

              The rebellion of Cavagli and consequently of Mezzolara that of was part, happened 14 March 1135. In the submission         

document to Bologna (8) the " populus et homines de Cavagli" they covered their action worrying itself to attenuate   

of the determination aggiungendo:

" except honor et dominion of our Archiepiscopi Ravennatis ".  

E' therefore obvious that until towards the first half of century XII, Cavagli and its territory had been to the dependency       

 dell' archbishop of Ravenna and its Ducato, than for the government of that zone (comprised Mezzolara)

  subordinate  to  Visconte di Argenta (9). L' action of obedience to Bologna that was a rebellion to the constituted authority,      

seems that then has not been come true, because dall' official enumeration of from Bologna communities of 1223    does not appear Cavagli and its

dependencies of Mozolaria Massa and Volpina (10) that now forms the parish of S.Michele di Mezzolara, and to confirmation in the 3 a completed action september 1270  Filippo    archbishop of Ravenna, which to means of the notary public Peter Cazzaluna di Bonincontro,

it  name Visconte di Argenta marquis Obizzo II  to Este because   it controlled the discipline and  order

 in that region being  some rebellious the cavagliesi and the mozolaresi employee

 from that viscontea.

 L' evolution of the history of our  community closely is tied, like of the rest that European Italian and, to the infuence inserted clericale fortemente 

 in the civil management,

that is why wanting to try a logical thread in the history of Mezzolara not can to prescind from the vicissitudini of the

church of S.Michele Archangel, alias S.Maria, alias Cavagli.

 The first mention of S.Maria di Cavagli is in the year 970, when in an act of exchange read:

   " Sancta Maria que vocatur in Cavaglis" (11).

  And that at least from the second half of century XII it was in from Bologna diocese it can to learn from the camaldolesi annals in which,

 under l' year 1185 is found noticed:

" in comitatu bononiensi jus habetis in Ecclesiam Sancte Marie de Cabaglis" 

It catalogues ecclesiastics of century notice

it to XIV under from Bologna plebanato one of S.Martino in Argine

"ecclesia healed Marie de Cavaglis, alias de Mozolaria,  erat manualis Abbatiae Sanctae Mariae de class de Ravenna" (12) 

The compiler of the cited document of 1408, comes to confirm that to Cavagli "

first name of the place"  it followed   Mezzolara.

 L' ancient and old parochial church of S.Maria decayed and came replaced from other dedicated to S.Michele Archangel continuing to

belong to the jurisdiction of S.Martino in Argine.

 Since  the second one (also modified of  century XVII puts into effect them church of S.Michele is), is not possible to know to

when laughed them, but one knows that till century XV Mozularia Mass formed community

and administrative part with the Castle of Cavagli. It with its destruction of fact and name left the passage the new

denomination of Meggiolara, Muzolara and of Mezzolara that it came from the name of an important part of the cavagliese

territory which was " Muzolarii mass".

1) Da Can.R. DELLA CASA Socio corrispondente di Storia e Patria (da cui estratto il sunto)

(2) SAVIOLI:Annali Bolognesi,I, II, pag.152 (Documento XDIV).

(3) BORMAN: Corpus Inscriptionun Latinarum, 126-28

(4) E RAPPINI:La prima carta geografica a stampa del bolognese e le sue fonti ((Archiginnasio anno XVI nn.46, P.133.

(5) AGNELLUS: Vita Sergii (Script.R.Long. p.380

(6) "Monumentia germ":Codex Car. ep:49,p.568

(7) Savioli: Annali Bolognesi, I, II, p. 152 (Doc.94)

(8) Annali Bolognesi, I, II, 187 (doc. del Cod.)

(9) SARTI: De claris Archigymnasii professoribus, II, p, 57

(10) Savioli: Annali bolognesi, III, II, p. 51-54

(11) MITTARELLI: Annales Camaldulenses, an. 1185

(12) ARCHIVIO cit, doc, cit